Land Rover Series 3 1984 Conversion
A small British farm makes the final step in becoming “off-grid”. Electrifying their trusty old Landy.
By Barnaby Birkbeck
Founder of Electric Car Converts
Ivan and Owena, who run a “large small holding or small farm” on the outskirts of Lewes, East Sussex, came to us with a problem. Their red Series 3, from 1984, which is used as their farm workhorse (alongside a twice as old tractor!) was the only thing stopping them from living completely off grid, and completely sustainably. We were tasked with her electrification.
Acceleration (0-60 mph)
|Original Petrol Engine
|3,456 KG CO2 per annum
So, much deliberation was to be had by the family and ironically, as this was ongoing, the starter motor gave up. “The final straw!” exclaimed Owena, and the car was bought to us for electrification.
Ivan and Owena had a number of requirements for their conversion:
When not on the farm itself, their Landy is only used locally around the towns and villages of East Sussex. Due to this, a short-range battery pack would be sufficient. We decided to put in five Tesla Model S batteries, making a battery pack of 26.5kWh, good for around 70 miles of everyday driving. As with all of our conversions, there is an option for double the range, by adding another battery pack down the line if they feel they need it.
As mentioned, Ivan and Owena generate their own electricity with the solar panels on their driveway. It was crucial that this energy could be used to charge up their electric Land Rover, meaning no reliance on the national grid. Therefore, the charging system in their car was designed to be able to be charged through a standard 13-amp socket in their home. Charging from their solar panels charges the car from 0% – 100% in 9 hours, although most of the time the car is simply topped up from 60-70% in just a few hours. The Landy can also charge from EV charging sockets dotted around town, such as at their local supermarket – this allows for much faster charging but doesn’t keep them off grid!
As a genuine working vehicle, the Landy had to be able to tow a livestock trailer for moving sheep to shows or neighbouring farms. Due to this, we opted to install a 120-horsepower motor, which is almost double what the car had in it originally. This was bolted to the original gearbox of the car, meaning that the original gear ratios are used, four-wheel drive systems are maintained, and high/low ratio is still usable. This, along with 235Nm of torque, means this Land Rover will happily tow a cattle trailer, uphill, in slippery English mud!
Another desirable outcome was to make the car a little easier to drive for the couple, who wanted to drive this vehicle well into their retirement. The first way that this was achieved was through eliminating the need to change gear. Although the clutch pedal and gearstick are still present, their electric Land Rover now stays in 3rd gear at all times. This is suitable for accelerating as well as for sitting at a constant 60mph on a faster road. If they want to change gears, they can as usual, but there’s absolutely no need to! Further to this, an electric conversion takes around 150kg of weight out of the vehicle, meaning there is less strain over the front wheels, and the steering is therefore lighter.
“Converting our Land Rover to electric was a big decision but the team at Electric Car Converts were perfect at explaining how it would all work, and therefore made us comfortable with the unknown, we didn’t even know it was possible when we came across them! We were able to test drive one of their previously converted Land Rovers, so to see how it drove made all the difference. Thanks to them we’ve fallen in love with our Land Rover again and always have a smile on our faces as we potter around in it each day.”
Now that Ivan and Owena’s trusty Series 3 Landy is back at work on their farm, it is exactly that, trustworthy. She does everything she used to, just better, more reliably and crucially, with a far smaller environmental footprint.